Luxury Vinyl Flooring
Luxury vinyl flooring is now the most popular flooring option in the industry. It has gained a tremendous amount of reputation in the last decade and it seems to be growing every year. It can be as cost-effective as laminate but it doesn't have the problems a typical laminate flooring has with water. Third-party laboratory testings have proved that the industry has finally been able to get around the off-gassing issues the old school linoleum flooring presented. Vinyl is not just a waterproof flooring option but it's also warm and quiet since it's primarily made out of plastic
Traditional Vinyl Flooring
You can categorize vinyl into two main groups: traditional and engineered (hybrid) luxury vinyl flooring. Traditional vinyl is the one without a solid core and it comes in either sheets, planks, or tiles. These products are typically glued to the sub-floor using vinyl pressure-sensitive glue. In recent years, the flooring industry has come up with options that don't necessarily need to be glued to the subfloor as long as the perimeter is secured with double-sided vinyl tape. These are thicker than your average vinyl flooring and typically they have some sort of anti-slip backing. Most flooring experts, however, recommend gluing the product to the subfloor unless installed temporarily. Regardless of the installation method, the sub-floor must be feathered patched properly for the right results. Feather patching is a technical flooring preparation procedure that gets more and more crucial as the product gets thinner.
Luxury Engineered (Hybrid) Vinyl
The most used vinyl flooring in the industry however is the hybrid luxury vinyl which consists of some sort of solid core and a locking mechanism just like laminate flooring; these are considered engineered products. Hybrid vinyls don't need to be glued to the subfloor with pressure-sensitive glue and also you can skip the feather patching part of the sub-floor preparation. However, your floor leveling has to be a lot more strict so you don't put pressure on the locking system in the long run.
The core of hybrid vinyl flooring can be either WPC or SPC. WPC stands for "wood plastic composite" and SPC stands for "stone plastic composite". WPC vinyl is typically thicker and has a higher cost compared to SPC. Therefore, WPC is mostly specified for residential use. SPC vinyl, on the other hand, is thinner but typically more dent and scratch-resistant than WPC, hence it is more suitable for commercial applications.